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Finding A New Baseline With Statistics

Here it is. One of the big blog posts I’ve been promising. Figuring out the new baseline as well as comparing a few numbers with how I was doing before life exploded.

And wow, did it explode… but anyway…

Comparing Apples and Oranges

Tumisu / Pixabay

I could have made this blog post shorter, but that would have meant taking out the comments of what some of the statistics mean or why they are the way they are. For me, that would have been boring, and not helpful at all.

So, below you’ll find my comments, which are basically me thinking out loud as I crunched the numbers. If you have any thoughts, please share them in the comments! I would love to hear them.

The last year I have full stats for ebook sales is 2014, so that is what I’ll be doing a comparison with. I analyzed not only income from the various retailers, but also unit sales. Just to see how they arranged themselves. Unless otherwise stated, I am discussing writing income, not units sold. Not that I don’t want a lot of books to sell, but sorry, cash stream is important!

Speaking of cash streams, for this particular analysis I looked at ebooks only. Yes, I have other cash streams and I’ll talk about those in a later post.

Diversify, diversify, diversify.

Income dropped severely over the inactive years. I expected that. How could it not? Writing income dropped 78.4%. Yet unit sales dropped only 51.4%. Seems a little weird? Weeeellllll…

The reason is because of Bundle Rabbit.

Bundle Rabbit is a great way to do book bundles. In ways it’s similar to Story Bundle, but it does things a little different way which has allowed someone smaller, like me, to be a part of bundles that I otherwise would not have had a chance at. I’ve been fortunate to be a part of several bundles this year. The company did not exist in 2014, so it is a new income stream for me.

In 2017 Bundle Rabbit equaled 10.4% of the writing income, however it accounted for 39.5% of total units sold. Which meant that each ebook sold for less. But, no panicking. There is a very good reason for this.

The reason is that the bundle price is split among all the ebooks that are a part of the bundle. So obviously my cut will be smaller even though I’m moving more units. Still, 10.4% of the income is nothing to sneeze at and I have the added bonus that my writing is getting into the hands of people that it wouldn’t have otherwise. However, because it represented such a big portion of the units sold, for the rest of the summaries I’m going to take Bundle Rabbit out of the equation. It skews the numbers too much.

Now for a pretty, colorful graph of the market share in 2014. The second graph is the market share for 2017. Remember, this is for income, not units moved.

Now onto the comments about what some of the changes (might) mean:

Amazon

I’d known that Amazon had been dropping in the total percentage of sales, so it was interesting to get hard numbers. It went from 70.7% in 2014 of my income to 32.2% in 2017. The number of units sold dropped 90% from 2014 to 2017. Income dropped 91%.

Wow, what a drop in market share for me. 70% to 32%. In 2017 Kobo is beating Amazon.

Even with this information, I want to continue to diversify further. It’s a major point in my new business plan (a subject for a different post). I would be quite happy increasing units sold while keeping Amazon at this percentage of my total sales.

I mentioned this in a post before this, but I’m going to say it again. Amazon’s reports are seriously lacking. I had to figure out many of the royalty lines myself by hand, especially those in other currencies. Considering Amazon is a big data company, this is not only annoying, but rather, well, um, stupid.

Apple

In 2014 Apple represented only 1.5% of my sales. At the time I’m pretty sure I was distributing through Smashwords. I am now distributed to Apple’s iTunes store directly without a middleman distributor. Considering all the markets I use Smashwords to distribute to have dropped to zero, I’m wondering if going direct (I think in late 2014 or early 2015) is the reason Apple has continued to sell over the past few years.

In 2017 Apple is 6.8% of my sales. Interestingly, this percentage is from only 4% of the 2017 units sold. There’s plenty of room to grow at Apple.

All Romance Ebooks (ARE)

A sales venue that no longer exists. The demise of ARE is a sad story and it still ongoing, I believe. But back in the day there were definitely sales, and not just with romance. Most of my sales was through their Omnilit general fiction branch. Heck, it beat Apple back in 2014 with a 2.2% share.

Barnes & Noble

In 2014, B&N represented 5.5% of the writing income, and as I recall, sales were rather consistent at the time from month to month.

In 2017, that changed to 11.9% with 9.3% of units moved. However, the sales there are now sporadic. Some months there is a bunch of sales, then for a month or two of nothing. Then another spike.

B&N isn’t doing so well today as a company. It’s sad to come back after a few years away to find that the leadership still doesn’t have a clue. If the company goes down the drain, the income will be missed.

GooglePlay

GooglePlay makes me nervous. They do strange things with pricing and discounts, and reserve the right to drop a book to free whenever and for as long as they want. If Amazon sees that and also drops, then you could find yourself suddenly out of lot of money on a suddenly popular book. It’s something I’m watching, but for now I’m staying distributed directly. At least, until a distributor somewhere gets a distribution deal with Google that prevents the pricing games.

For now I have to play my own pricing game: I was able to get a direct distribution account before GooglePlay shut down that option. I set the price higher and then GooglePlay’s automatic discounting brings the “sale” price down to around the same as elsewhere.

In 2014 GooglePlay sat at .9% of the income share. In 2017 it grew to 15.1% while accounting for only 9.3% of the unit sales. In other words, I’m making more money on fewer books sold. That is because of the discounting. Readers are buying at a discounted price (they think), but GooglePlay is paying me on the full (elevated) list price I set in the back-end. This is illustrated well by the fact that in 2017 I sold exactly the same number of books at GooglePlay and Barnes & Noble, but my profits at GooglePlay were 27% higher.

Kobo

In 2014 Kobo stood at 7%. In 2017 its share increased to 34%. Very nice increase.

Because Kobo has such a big international audience, I did two special pivot tables to look at the unit distribution among countries. In 2014 the most sales were in Canada and the United Kingdom. In 2017 that changed to Germany (by a huge margin) and Australia. In both years, the US is way down the list.

Smashwords

One big disappointment is Smashwords. Smashwords has gone from 12.1% of the writing income to zero. Which is too bad, because it sold only 8.8% of my total units in 2014, so each individual sale had a higher profit margin.

Smashwords were one of the first big promoters of Indies. Sad to find that legacy fading away. Unless they do some serious upgrades to the website, Meatgrinder (shudder), and accounting periods, I don’t know how long they will last in the long-run.

Other

In 2014 the “Other” category was 1%. There is no ‘other’ in 2017 because those other sources have either gone out of business or dried up. I’m hopeful that using a different distributor for some of the smaller book retailers will help build this category up in the coming few years.

Hard Numbers

I’m sure some people want to see hard numbers and not just percentages. First, let me say that 2014 was not my best year. I was in the midst of taking care of Mother Hen at that point, and in the summer of 2014 she spent almost 2 months in either hospitals or rehab facilities. The releases dramatically dropped as my attention turned to being a full-time caregiver to someone who needed more and more constant care. As a result, sales income and units moved also started dropping.

If I look at the months of early 2014 and late 2013 before the regular releases stopped, the units sold ranged from 87 to 44. The average income per month hovered between $150 and $200

Note: early 2013 was even higher. 2012 was better still. Cancer diagnosis happened at the beginning of 2013.

Those old numbers don’t help me much right now. But, I was curious. They give me something to aim for.

A New Baseline

What is important now is the new baseline. I need to know what the new average is for me so I’m not mentally comparing apples to oranges. I need a way to measure the success of what I’ll be doing over this coming year as I ramp up the writing business.

So, I took all of 2017 and averaged out the numbers. What is the new baseline across all retailers all across the world?

$28 a month

11 Units sold

Now I have numbers. Yes, some months will be more, some will be less, but this is the average I’ll now use as I’m moving forward. A point of reality from which to base my new expectations.

A new baseline to grow from.

Now it’s time to start looking forward. Onwards!

NASA-Imagery / Pixabay




Clarifying Smashwords File Formats and Distribution Channels

I’ve seen a question and assumption on an author loop several times, and I thought I would post about it here just in case anyone reading my blog is confused.

The issue? Some believe that if they allow Smashwords to create a .mobi file that it automatically distributes to Amazon, and they want to do that themselves. So, they uncheck the option. Or that if they allow Smashwords to create a .epub file that it automatically distributes to Barnes and Noble and they want to do that themselves. So, they uncheck the option.

Uh, no. That is a wrong assumption.

Smashwords File Formats and Distribution Channels

To be clear, the two things mentioned above do not have anything to do with each other. I’ve seen people assume this without verifying by looking through Smashwords documentation or asking them. So, here we go…

File Formats: When you upload your Word document you are given an option on which formats you will allow the Meatgrinder to convert into. This is for ebook formats SOLD ON SMASHWORDS! You do not want to limit what a customer can buy on Smashwords, as you have no idea what format they need for their preferred ereader.

Did you know Amazon tacks on a $2 surcharge to purchases from a large part of the world? That people outside the US cannot buy from Barnes & Noble?

Do not limit what your customers can buy there! They may have a Kindle and need a .mobi, but refuse to buy at Amazon. My earnest suggestion is to allow Smashwords to create all formats possible.

Distribution Channels: Yes, if you are approved for expanded distribution, your ebooks are automatically sent to all of the Smashwords distribution partners. Using the “Channel Manager” option on the left side of the Dashboard you can control which distributors your ebooks are sent to.

If you want to distribute to Amazon, Apple, Barnes & Noble, or Kobo yourself, then uncheck those specific options. It’s as simple as that. Meanwhile, the file formats will still be available to potential customers on the Smashwords site itself (See note above about File Formats).

NOTE: Even though the “Channel Manager” lists Amazon as a partner, this is not currently true. Smashwords does not distribute to Amazon at this time because of delays on the Amazon end. Honestly, I would be very surprised if Amazon ever opens up to allowing Smashwords to distribute ebooks into their website and catalog.

To summarize, the two issues are different (even though on the technical back end they may be related). You want all file formats to be available to all Smashwords customers. If you don’t want a book distributed to a specific vendor, then use the “Channel Manager” page.

____________________

A Redpoint One RomanceJ.A. Marlow

A Turn of the Pipes

An alien newt leads to… love?

Rachel Henderkito’s job of taking care of Redpoint One’s plumbing problems isn’t easy, especially when citizen pets clog up the pipes. After fishing an alien newt out of the pipes for a third time she takes the creature back to its owner for a stern warning.

Ignacio Manetti is determined to help keep rare alien newts and salamanders off the extinction list. He doesn’t have time for romance, nor for the heart-breaking memories it brings with it.

Add in an alien flying squirrel, preparations for Redpoint One’s annual Exotic Pet Show, and the lovably interfering Naughty Knitter’s Club, how can romance not bloom?

Except Rachel and her bot hate his rare Mandian Ruffled Newt while he unconditionally loves it.

Amazon | Barnes & Noble | SmashwordsKobo




“Amazon Serials” Launch – A Few Thoughts

Along with everything else they are launching this week, Amazon also launched a new service called “Kindle Serials (Great Reads, One Episode at a Time)”. Their description:

“Kindle Serials are stories published in episodes. When you buy a Kindle Serial, you will receive all existing episodes on your Kindle immediately, followed by future episodes as they are published. Enjoy reading as the author creates the story, and discuss episodes with other readers in the Kindle forums.”

Kindle Serial Submission page

Kindle Serial Front Page

First, yes you need to submit to them. You cannot opt into this through KDP.

Web serials, also called webfic and litfic, have a long tradition on the internet. Websites like Tuesday Serial, Web Fiction Guide, EpiGuide, Muse’s Success list such endeavors. Such type of fiction is huge business in countries like China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan with millions of users and stories that go into the millions of words. In the US, we have websites like Wattpad who, by hosting the stories on their site, allow users (readers and writers) to “Connect, collaborate and share interactive stories or stumble across the newest trends in fiction.”

Now Amazon is entering the fray. I do have a few thoughts about what I’ve discovered after poking through the Amazon information:

NOTE 1: The price listed is for ALL updates, not one episode. In other words, you better be pricing the offering as a novel from the start:

“This book is a Kindle Serial. Kindle Serials are stories published in episodes, with future episodes delivered at NO ADDITIONAL COST. This serial currently contains one episode out of an estimated six total episodes, and new episodes will be delivered every month.” (Emphasis mine.)

This is unlike other models in Asia where there is a micropayment per episode, and the episodes tend to be under 1000 words. This encourages long sagas that the readers in those markets lap up. With Amazon, the way the payment structure is set up, it does not encourage the longer works. The size of the episodes brings us to the next note…

NOTE 2: Episode “Chapters” are 10,000 words (in science fiction this is a novelette). Personally I really wish Amazon didn’t have that threshold so high. In webfic the installments are usually under 1000 words with the average between 300-800 words. A better compromise would have been a more typical chapter length, such as between 2500-5000 words. This would have equalled an average webfic monthly output using the averages I mentioned (Oh horrors! Here comes the math! Once a week: 800×4=3200. Three times a week: 500x3x4=6000 words. Five days a week: 300x5x4=6000 words).

NOTE 3: The program is non-exclusive. Which means the stories can appear for sale on other websites. Someone who was contacted months ago by Amazon for this program says they can even set a first episode free to garner interests, as well as release a separate book for sale. Authors set the price. These are very good things.

It has some good and bad points so far, but I don’t think Amazon really thought this all the way through. There are very successful models of this all over the world. A hybrid of what Amazon came out with and the types of setups seen in Asian markets would have been nice to see.

I’m in the planning stages for a webfiction serial for this website (as an experiment), but I think I can do better releasing collections of ‘episodes’ than this. Plus, I can engage with the fans on my own website and hopefully interest them in my other books (and maybe encourage them to sign them up for the newsletter). I like the idea of holding the demographic and subscriber information instead of a third party that won’t share (Amazon does not share this with publishers). Plus, discussion on the Kindle forums? As an author, I shudder in horror as overall, we are not welcome there and the oversight of moderators is notoriously bad (if they ever bother to show up).

Whether Amazon Serials would be worth using would depend on how much push Amazon gives the program and if they can get a handle on their forums. They did well in not requiring an exclusive to the content. As a writer, I’m interested in the concept, but it all comes down to the details of the deal.

Each writer will need to make up their own mind on if this program is for them or not.

____________________

J.A. Marlow

The String Weavers (The String Weavers – Book 1)

Kelsey Hale thinks she’s just a typical mixed-up teenager. Everyone feels that way, her teachers assure her. Yet, strange things happen to her, like food disappearing before she can eat it and hearing music no one else hears.

Then a giant flaming bird drops an alien at her feet. Well, good grief, how can you ignore something like that?

Abducted from Earth, the only planet she’s ever known, Kelsey finds herself thrust into the middle of a deadly conflict among alien worlds and parallel universe. She must not only survive herself, but also find a way to rescue her father from a dangerous group with unknown motives.

In the process, she’s confronted by a hidden secret about herself which will shake the very foundation of who and what she thought she was.

And connecting it all are the mysterious Weavers.

A 97,100 word, 389 page (approximate), science fiction novel.

Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Smashwords




Amazon Ebooks and New Page Count Feature

With ebooks we run into one very big difficulty: reader understanding how long or short a story is.

Some retailers understand this dilemma. On Omnilit and All Romance eBooks, there is a field in which to put the the word count of the work. Smashwords estimates the word count of the entire ebook when it converts your Word file into all the various ebook formats.

An ebook doesn’t have pages as physical books do. At the most they have ‘locations’ and then story separations such as chapters. As writers, we are accustomed to keeping track of word count for several reason. For queries, they are needed to let the potential publisher know how long a work is. For writers they are often used to quantify writing progress per day, week, month, and year.

However, word count means nothing to the average consumer.

Because of this, I have been placing in the product description not only the word count, but also the approximate page count using the standard 250 words per page in a manuscript. This way I could communicate to possible readers exactly what they are getting.

Today I noticed something interesting:

I’m not sure how long it’s been there, as I don’t go to my book’s product pages all the time, but there it is. An estimated page length on all of the ebooks.

I do wish this information would be repeated down in the regular ebook information (and in larger type), but I can see why they put it on top. It’s seen the moment a browser hits the page.

I still intend to put the length information in the description, as I believe this small typeface could easily be missed. Also, I estimate the page length of the story itself, and not everything as it looks like Amazon does. By everything, I mean not only the story, but also the title page, acknowledgments, dedications, copyright pages, and so on.

By the way, as shown in the screenshot, “Glint of a Suncatcher” is available free for a short time. Grab it while you can!

Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Smashwords | iBookstore




Thoughts on the Amazon Select Lending Library

Amazon has announced a special ebook lending library for Prime subscribers. In the past several days they have sent emails out to the authors and publishers who use their KDP platform inviting them to join.

“We’re excited to introduce KDP Select – a new option dedicated to KDP authors and publishers worldwide, featuring a fund of $500,000 in December 2011 and at least $6 million in total for 2012!  KDP Select gives you a new way to earn royalties, reach a broader audience, and use a new set of promotional tools.”

At first it sounds like a great idea, as a way to get added exposure for your books. Until you start looking at the details…

Borrowing Details and Ebook Pricing

Each Prime member can borrow only one book per month. If you, as a Prime owner, could borrow only one book and you had a choice between a $.99 book and a $12.99 book, which would you borrow? Or even $2.99 and $12.99?

The better value from the borrower’s point of view will be the higher priced ebook. Lower priced books (which are typically Indie) have a disadvantage in this program.

The Select borrowing program might be a way to target the Prime demographic through the browsing area, but unless you are lucky, don’t count on a large number of borrowers or making money…

Money

Amazon has set up a monthly ‘pot’ from which to pay for any books signed borrowed. Please note that no money goes to an author or a publisher for simply enrolling a book. For December, this fund is $500,000. How much is paid out on a specific book depends on what percentage of the total overall loans are made on a particular book. (The TOS for the Select program also includes an unexplained passage about Amazon deciding “the criteria for determining which borrowing events qualify for this calculation.” You would think a borrow is a borrow. Apparently not.)

For instance, if your book accounts for 1.5% of the total loans for December, then that book would earn $7500. There are already tens of thousands of books included in the program. Start doing the math. It gets ugly really fast.

The problem is the sheer numbers of other books also in the program and the fact that each Prime member can only take out on loan 1 book per month. Only one! Yes, you might be one of the lucky ones to get a high percentage of loans for a particular month and receive a good payout. Most likely, you will get a pittance.

“I have to go where the money is,” is something else I’ve heard said. Ahem, there is no guaranteed payout per book, and for this you are giving up diversification? No one knows if there is money in this yet for the average enrolled book!

Which brings us up to:

Exclusivity

“When you include a Digital Book in KDP Select, you give us the exclusive right to sell and distribute your Digital Book in digital format while your book is in KDP Select. During this period of exclusivity, you cannot sell or distribute, or give anyone else the right to sell or distribute, your Digital Book (or content that is reasonably likely to compete commercially with your Digital Book, diminish its value, or be confused with it), in digital format in any territory where you have rights.”

For those curious, the above is an exclusivity and non-compete clause all in one. (Please note that I am not a lawyer nor am I giving legal advice. This blog post contains only personal opinion) First we’ll tackle the Exclusivity:

If you sign up a book for the Select program it is for 90 days. No backing out early unless you want a lot of trouble. 90 days in which that particular book is available to no one else who may need or want .epub or some other ebook format. This 90 day exclusivity contract automatically renews unless you opt out ahead of time.

I have an issue with this. I have readers all over the world, some of them in areas where Amazon charges a $2 surcharge (which Amazon keeps to itself). As a consequence, I sell on venues such as Kobo, Apple, and Smashwords. Unless I am being compensated for not serving those customers, I have a huge problem with leaving them out. Heck, even with a good wad of money involved, I have a problem with it.

I truly believe that diversification is good for the author (eggs not all in one basket) as well as for the readers. It prevents business strangleholds. It allows the books to be seen by different demographics and geo-locations.

Amazon is asking for an exclusive license of one of my copyrights. FOR FREE. I would be losing money from other channels, and the only compensation is a lottery-type setup where you might be a big winner, but most likely will get nothing or a small token ‘winning’?

Think about it.

When a publisher asks for exclusive rights to a specific book, there is typically an exchange of money. You are no longer able to make money from it in that specific area any longer for the term of the contract. There should be compensation for the granting of that license to that portion of your copyright.

If Amazon wants to pay me for the exclusive right to use a portion of my copyright, I might consider it. It would depend on how much they offered and the terms.

I don’t like the payment method Amazon has set up. Instead of providing at least a guaranteed token amount for each ebook loaned out, Amazon is instead limiting their money liability by creating one big pool of money each month that cannot be counted on to come to you individually. All while, at the same time, preventing you from making money or gaining visibility elsewhere.

By the way, I’ve seen some suggest adding something to the end of the ebook or adding a deleted scene and call it a ‘new edition’ that can be enrolled and leave the old version for sale through other retailers. Don’t do this. Really. The contract language gives Amazon all the power here, and you don’t want to give them the right to close your account and take all your owed royalties.

Non-Compete Clause

Authors, have you heard of the outcry among authors and the warnings from people like Dean Wesley Smith, Passive Voice, and so many others about avoiding career-crippling non-compete clauses in publishing contracts?

Well, Amazon has one of their own:

“During this period of exclusivity, you cannot sell or distribute, or give anyone else the right to sell or distribute, your Digital Book (or content that is reasonably likely to compete commercially with your Digital Book, diminish its value, or be confused with it), in digital format in any territory where you have rights.”

There is much concern over this clause, as it’s rather open ended. This could mean other works in the same genre or sub-genre. It could mean anything in the same series or the same universe. It could only mean the story itself and this clause disallows ‘special editions’ that add content to the ebook. Or prohibit collections or omnibus or anthologies. Or, or, or…

Oh, and if you interpret it wrong? Amazon can close your KDP account and you forfeit any monies owed. Ouch.

Please note that I am not a lawyer nor am I giving legal advice. I only thought I would point out this particular item, and it’s something that I personally as a publisher and author am worried about. (Yes, I know I’ve said this twice)

The Good

About the only real carrot I see is the ability to allow the book to go to free on Amazon for 5 days out of that 90 day period. Could this lead to a crackdown to those of us who use the price-matching feature to get books put up for free in order to make the service more attractive? Who knows at this point, but it’s possible (I fully admit that is a bit of a doomsday thought, but decided I would say it anyway).

As mentioned before, the Select borrowing program could be used as a pure promotional tool targeting the Prime demographic through the browsing area. A Prime user might then go and buy your book, or possibly borrow it.

The Bad

The sneaky and annoying redesign of the KDP dashboard. Authors and publishers, be careful about what you select and boxes you check! Amazon is making it too easy to mistakenly sign up. If you want to opt out, you are in for a lot more time and hassle when putting up a new ebook.

The exclusivity of distribution and selling, limiting an author or publisher from making money elsewhere.

***

Overall, this is a good move for Amazon ONLY. They are increasing the numbers of books available to Prime members which is another advertising point to use for their Prime program. They needed to do something after the big publishers started opting out and raising a ruckus if they were included without their permission. They limited the amount of money they are going to pay out for the Indie books, which is good for only their accounting.

Not ours.

In another 3 months, I would love to hear the experiences of anyone who participates. It would be a nice surprise if more than a few handful do very well at it. Who knows, it might have unexpected benefits. It would be wonderful if it did, since it would help off-set the minuses to the program.

For me, for now, I will continue to make my books available to everyone I can, no matter what retailer they prefer to purchase at or what ereader they prefer to read on.

____________________

J.A. Marlow

Coffee Cup Dreams

She wasn’t supposed to wake up when dead…

During what should have been a simple operation, Tish Douglas died. And yet, she also awoke… in what the doctors called a ‘psi event.’

Despite having no memory of the incident, it means she’s required to go on a life-time course of debilitating drugs designed to reign in her supposedly new psi gifts. She’s left with the option of existing on Earth in a drug-haze, or leave the planet.

When an opportunity for a good paying job on a space station known as Redpoint One is offered, she jumps at the chance. Even though she doesn’t have any experience as a ‘maintenance engineer.’ Even though the station sits in the middle of nowhere, a still-operating construct of a long-gone alien species.

Between pirate attacks, intelligent repair robots, and maintenance emergencies, Tish must find a place for herself.

All complicated by a growing attraction to the one person on the station she can’t have: boss Arthur Getty.

A stand-alone 48400 word, 193 page (approximate), science fiction romance novel.

Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Smashwords




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Mom (A.K.A. Mother Hen) Cancer Fund

Yes, our very own beloved Mother Hen is now struggling with a GBM tumor. The family is struggling because of no insurance and we are desperate to get her the life-saving treatment she needs. If you have a little extra and would like to help out this very deserving person, please consider giving a little donation to help her along the way. Thank you!

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Writerly Progress

2015 Yearly New Words
47.15%  188600 of 400000
2015 Yearly Revision Words
9.53%  38100 of 400000

Archives

Free Serial: Zerralon

Wattpad

Available Ebook Formats

The works of J.A. Marlow are available in a wide number of formats including DRM-Free. Below is a list of a few of the retailers the various formats can be found at.

Mobi (Kindle compatible): Amazon, Drive Thru Scifi, Omnilit/All Romance Ebooks, Smashwords, Xinxii

Epub (Nook compatible): Barnes & Noble, Drive Thru Scifi, Google Play, Kobo, Omnilit/All Romance Ebooks, Smashwords, Xinxii, iBookstore

PDF: Omnilit/All Romance Ebooks, Smashwords, Xinxii

Palm DOC/iSolo (Palm compatible): Smashwords

RTF (Rich Text Format): Smashwords

LRF (Older Sony Reader format): Smashwords

Plain Text: Smashwords

Online Reading (HTML): Google Play, Smashwords

Dreamstime Images

J.A. Marlow and Star Catcher Publishing is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, iTunes PHG Affiliate Program, and affiliate programs with Kobo, Smashwords, DrivethruFiction, and All Romance Ebooks. These affiliate advertising programs are designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking.